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 What Are Adoption Policies for Children in China?
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by MandiT
Many families make the journey towards adoption from China each year. The U.S. Department of State (DoS) notes that 3001 children were adopted from China in 2009. Adoption.com explains that adoption in China is a sensitive issue. Therefore there are many rules and requirements for adopting a child from China.

Who Can Adopt Chinese Children

The DoS explains that China has strict requirements on who can adopt a child. Persons wishing to adopt must be a legally married heterosexual couple who have been married for a minimum of two years. If either spouse has been divorced, the couple must be married for five years. A couple with more than two divorces is not eligible for adoption. Adoptive parents must be between the ages of 30 and 50, or 30 to 55 for a special needs adoption. A maximum family size of five children under 18 with the youngest being one year of age is enforced, though not always for special needs adoptions. High school diplomas or the equivalent are required for the parents, as is a family income equal to $10,000 per person in the household (including the child to be adopted). Total family assets must equal at least $80,000. The adoptive parents must be physically and mentally fit and must have a clean criminal history. In addition, at least one of the parents must be willing to travel to China to adopt the child.

Steps to Placement Chinese Adoption

The first step to adopting a child from China is to find an agency that is accredited to complete adoptions from China, explains the DoS. After choosing an agency, apply for adoption eligibility in the United States by completing Form I-800A (Application for Determination of Suitability to Adopt a Child from a Convention Country). After approval by the U.S. government, the adoption agency forwards all information to China for approval. When approved, China's central adoption authority, China Center of Adoption Affairs (CCAA), provides a referral for a child. Adoptive parents have 45 days to provide a referral response.

Once a child has been accepted, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services office determines the child's eligibility for adoption under U.S. law. Before traveling to China, prospective parents must submit a visa application for the child to the U.S. Embassy's Consular office. If the Consular's Office determines that the child is edible for immigration, notification will be given to CCAA.


Chinese Adoption Fees

Adoptive parents who have received an approval notice from CCAA titled "Notice of Coming to China for Adoption" are ready to head to China to adopt their child. The DoS explains the fees that must be paid before adoption is finalized include the authentication of all documents at $10 a document, an initial CCAA fee of $375 plus $200 for document translation, $25 for the child's Chinese passport, as well as fees for adoption registration,a notarized birth certificate, a donation to the orphanage and fee for caring for the child and charges for speeding up the various processes. This is in addition to any adoption agency fees.

Documents of Chinese Adoption

The DoS explains that a dossier (all the documents you will need) should include a letter of adoption application, statement of marriage, birth certificates, statements of employment, income and property holdings, health certificates, criminal records or statement of good conduct and U.S. passport copies for the adoptive parents, the home study report, statement of the child's adoption approval and photos of the parents and family that explain the family's life in the United States. Parents traveling without a spouse must also bring notarized power of attorney for the spouse.

Bringing the Child Home - China adoption trips

Before bringing the child into the United States, she must have a birth certificate with the adoptive parents names added, a Chinese passport an a U.S. immigrant visa explains the DoS. An appointment must be made to obtain the visa. On the day of the appointment, all documents will be presented to the U.S. Consulate Office. Attendance at an oath taking is required the day after the visa appointment. The following day, the child's visa and other required documentation will be presented, allowing the child to enter the United States.
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